Southern Sod Services - Farm Fresh Sod - Port St. Lucie, Orlando, Melbourne, Palm Bay, Sebastian, Vero Beach, Jensen Beach, Stuart
407.290.0150
Easy Keeper

Bahia grass has been grown in Florida for many years, and has proven to do very well in any soil found throughout the state. It was originally introduced for use in pasture applications. Today, Argentine Bahia is largely found not only in pastures, but also roadsides, commercial, and residential landscaping. Although Bahia may not be as pleasing to the eye as the St. Augustine or Zoysia grasses, it requires less maintenance. Some advantages of Bahia are that it does not require an irrigation system, recovers well from injury, and the only real insect threat to Bahia is mole crickets. Some disadvantages to Bahia are that it grows more vertically, which requires it be mowed more frequently and produces piles of thatch. It does not have a dense, plush mat, produces tall seed heads, and has a thinner blade. The appearance of Bahia can be maintained at acceptable levels if watered during extreme times of heat and drought, fertilized twice a year, and if mole crickets are controlled. The Argentine variety of Bahia, which is grown on site on our family farm, is the most aesthetically pleasing variety with it's smaller seed head and darker green color.

PROS

  • Extremely low maintenance
  • Drought tolerant
  • Unaffected by chinch bugs
  • Does not require irrigation system
  • Recovers well from injury

CONS

  • Does not have a dense root system
Make sure to check out our blog for more information on varieties.
Florida Favorite

Floratam is an excellent choice of sod for our environment in Florida. It grows well in sandy soils, which is what is commonly found throughout the state of Florida. It has proven to be the most popular variety of St. Augustine turf grass. It's wide, dark green blade gives instant curb appeal, while making Floratam a good choice for a beautiful lawn for years to come. It requires full sun, but can handle some shade as long as it gets 4-5 hours of full sun per day. It is relatively easy to maintain as long as you control the chinch bugs in the spring and summer months and sod web worms in the late summer and fall months. Floratam is best maintained at 3-3.5 inches and keeps good color in the fall with great Spring green-up. This particular variety, as most St. Augustine grasses, will brown out in a heavy frost, but will recover rather quickly. Floratam has recently received a negative association pertaining to water use; however it does not require the amount of water most people assume. An irrigation system is highly recommended to supplement any lawn with water during dry periods. We do recommend that a professional spray program is implemented on any St. Augustine lawn so that unhealthy situations don't get out of control. All in all, Floratam is an excellent choice of turf grass if you want a more manicured, greener look than Bahia, but still would like a lawn with ease of maintenance.

 

PROS

  • Beautiful appearance
  • Cold hardy
  • Grows well in all soils
  • Dark green color
  • Excelllent Spring green up

CONS

  • Requires irrigation system
  • Can be affected by chinch bugs and web worms
  • Does not do well in shade
Make sure to check out our blog for more information on varieties.
Rising Star

Captiva is an exciting new variety of St. Augustine that was developed by the University of Florida. Unlike all other St. Augustine varieties, Captiva has displayed chinch bug resistant qualities in the state of Florida. It has a much lower mowing height, which lends itself to more of a carpet like appearance and a beautifully manicured look, much like an island resort. Shade tolerance studies are currently being done to see how it fares in low light conditions, and we will update you on that progress here and in our blog section. Captiva was also developed to be a slow growing grass, which greatly decreases your need for mowing. All of these remarkable attributes make Captiva the "greenest" St. Augustine variety because the need for chemicals is greatly lessened, as well as the need for gas burning mowers. Captiva is heat and cold tolerant, and grows well in all soils present in your Florida lawn.

 

PROS

  • Beautiful color and carpet like appearance
  • Slower growing leaf habits = less mowing
  • Resistant to Florida chinch bugs
  • Soft to the touch
  • Grows well in all soils         

CONS

  • Irrigation system needed
  • Shade tolerance not completely known yet
  • Susceptible to fungus 
Make sure to check out our blog for more information on varieties.

Partial Shade Pick

Palmetto St. Augustine was discovered in South Florida as a native variety of St. Augustine. Since then, it has been found to be an excellent choice in a lawn that has more shade. Palmetto is also very heat and cold tolerant, will grow in any soil base found in the southern United States, and has a beautiful emerald green color. It has a smaller blade than the Floratam variety and is soft to the touch. Palmetto has been shown to be susceptible to fungus, as most shade tolerant varieties are. Like most St. Augustines, Palmetto is negatively affected by chinch bugs, and a professional spray program is recommended to ensure your lawn's health for years to come. There is research that indicates that Palmetto requires less water than other St. Augustine varieties, but more research would need to be done to guarantee that fact. We do recommend an irrigation system to be in place. All in all, Palmetto is an excellent choice for a lawn with a little too much shade for the Floratam variety.

     

    PROS

    • More shade tolerant
    • Heat and cold tolerant
    • Beautiful emerald green color
    • Soft to the touch
    • Grows well in all soils      

    CONS

    • Susceptible to fungus
    • Negatively affected by chinch bugs and web worms
    • Requires irrigation system
    Make sure to check out our blog for more information on varieties.

     

    Something Different

     Empire Zoysia was first developed in Brazil and is one of the few grasses rated to perform well in all zones, and it can thrive in varying soils and climatic conditions. It has a very short, thin blade that is soft to the touch and an emerald green color. Although this type of sod is very soft, it is also very durable and holds up well to traffic. Empire Zoysia does require full sun, so it is not the best fit for a lawn with lots of trees. This variety is chinch bug resistant, but is susceptible to Billbugs, Army Worms, and Web Worms. We recommend having a professional spray program in place to maximize your lawn's health and appearance. Zoysia may go dormant in times of cold weather or drought conditions, but will most likely green back up once conditions improve. Empire has been touted as being more drought tolerant in comparison to other St. Augustine varieties, but studies have shown that it does require the same amount of irrigation to maintain an appealing lawn. That being said, be careful of over watering your Empire Zoysia lawn, as this can sometimes cause brown patch. When proper care is taken and the correct mowing height is maintained, this sod can be an absolutely beautiful lawn for years to come.

     

    PROS

    • Beautiful color
    • Soft to the touch
    • Chinch bug resistant
    • Durable

          

    CONS

    • Does not do well in shade
    • Will go dormant in cold weather and drought conditions
    • Irrigation system is recommended
    • Susceptible to Bill Bugs, Army Worms, and Web Worms
    • Susceptible to Brown Patch
      Make sure to check out our blog for more information on varieties.

     

    Southern Sod Services - Farm Fresh Sod - Port St. Lucie, Orlando, Melbourne, Palm Bay, Sebastian, Vero Beach, Jensen Beach, Stuart